Change That Oil!
Carfacts and CHANGING YOUR OIL...
The first thing you should do is go to your local discount auto
store or WalMart and purchase your oil and filter.
I would suggest getting a good synthetic or synthetic blend (I
have used Castrol Syntec for many years) most good brands have them.
Use a synthetic oil for newer vehicles under 40,000 miles and a
blend over 40,000 miles. These oils will help with saving your engine
and saving fuel. Also purchase a good oil filter, one with a check
valve in it to keep oil from running back into oil pan when engine
is shut off. This will also help the life of your engine as there
will be oil on critical parts when engine is restarted, Fram, AC
and Purolator makes good ones.
With this purchase you have the best you can put in your engines
oiling system. A typical engine will take 4-5 quarts of oil on a
change, so it will cost you around $15.00-$20.00 depending on synthetic
or blend oil. This is about the cost of a regular oil change at
the Speedy Marts. They would charge $40.00-$50.00 for the synthetics
and best filter. So now you have saved $20.00-$30.00 and you have
the best you can put in your engine.
Think of your car as one of your children or grand children you
want to keep it for a long time so don't skimp on putting good products
in it, it will pay off in the long run with less major breakdowns.
Engine repair or the new cars can run from $1,500.00 to around
$7,000.00 depending on what you drive. From a Geo Metro to a big
SUV or Diesel Pick-up.
O.K. now you have your oil and filter, time to get to work. Find
a solid spot on the front or side of vehicle undercarriage (frame
or engine cradle) put jack under vehicle and raise it up high enough
to get your jack stands under it then let car down on stands and
remove jack. Always,always be safe and use the jack stands whenever
you are working under your car.
Your engine should be warm when changing your oil so that most
of old oil will drain out.
Find the drain plug in the deep end of the oil pan,it will probably
take a 1/2" or 9/16" standard closed end wrench, if metric should
be a 13mm or 15mm closed end wrench.
Put your wrench on the plug and turn counter clockwise (make sure
your drain pan is close) remove plug and let drain into pan. After
all the old oil is drained, put the plug back in and tighten (clockwise)
make sure this plug is TIGHT.
Then find your oil filter they are in several different places
depending on your vehicle and engine, they are located on either
one side of the engine or in the front of the engine (belt area).
Most filters are now small so get a small or adjustable filter wrench
put it on filter (as close to top as possible) it also turns off
counter clockwise after it is loose you can take wrench off and
spin it off by hand. Have your drain pan under filter area to catch
remaining oil. Make sure the old filter rubber seal comes off with
filter if not make sure you reach up and pull it off then wipe filter
housing clean this makes for a good seal for the new filter. Then
fill new filter with some new oil and put some oil around the rubber
seal on new filter and spin it clockwise onto filter housing. Make
sure it's TIGHT.
Raise your car again and take out jack stands and let car back
Raise hood and find oil fill, most will be in the valve cover of
the engine or a tube with a cap that says "OIL" on it,remove the
cap and add remaining oil to engine (should be around 4 & 1/2 quarts,
you put aprox. 1/2 quart in filter). After all oil is put into the
engine replace the oil cap and start engine, let it run for a couple
of minutes while looking under vehicle to make sure you got everything
tight and have no leaks. If your satisfied nothings leaking shut
off engine and locate oil dipstick, pull it out then wipe it off
clean and stick back into dipstick tube all the way in, then pull
back out and make sure it's close to the full mark.
If your oil checks o.k. you are almost done. Make sure you keep
a log or put a sticker on windshield when next change is due. Then
get an old empty milk jug or something like it and use a funnel
and put your old oil in it, seal it tight and take it back to where
you bought your oil and they will dispose of it for you.
This sounds like a lot of work but total time if you have never
done it before should be less than a half hour. After you do it
a few times it will take 10-15 minuets, and you will feel good knowing
you actually done this yourself and that you saved money doing it.
More car facts tips will be available on an on going basis here
on the carfacts article pages. Also the carfacts newsletter will
have numerous carfacts tips in every publication, and when my new
carfacts book is published you will have a wealth of carfacts tips
at your fingertips.
I will be adding additional articles on this and other Automotive
subjects, so if you found this interesting and informative go to
and click on the Article button bottom left to read more CarFacts
Occupation: Auto Appraiser/Inspector
Biography: I have over 40 years experience in the Automotive field,
from ASE Master Tech to owner of my own repair shop and have been
doing Automotive Appraisals and extended warranty/pre-purchase inspections
for the past 12 years.
I have been working on building and just about anything connected
with cars all my life. I have been a Drag Racer (early years) drove
stock cars (asphalt and dirt) built Hot Rods and restored classic
cars, so have been around just about any type of vehicle you can
My hobby is NASCAR and building web-sites. My current web-site
is a site I started several years ago as an information site for
Cars and expanded into trucks, 4X4's, ATV's, Motorcycles and NASCAR.
The site started out to be a business site, hence the jtcbiz name,
but turned into a site on vehicles so don't be alarmed with site
name as it had a lot of exposure so I left the name.
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